about ketamine

what is ketamine?

“Recent data suggest that Ketamine, given intravenously, might be the most important breakthrough in antidepressant treatment in decades.” – Thomas Insel, Director of the National Institute of Mental Health

Ketamine is not a new drug. It has been used for five decades in human and veterinarian medicine. Ketamine is an anesthetic drug that was introduced into clinical practice in 1970.  At anesthetic doses it results in a complete loss of consciousness while preserving certain protective reflexes such as breathing as an example. That has made it attractive to anesthesiologists in selective patients.

Ketamine binds to, and thereby inhibits, a receptor in our brain cells called the NMDA receptor, which controls synaptic plasticity and memory function. Inhibition of the NMDA receptor causes anesthetic and antidepressant effects, which was observed when scientists used other compounds to block NMDA receptors as well. However, when researchers used ketamine, they saw that the other NMDA blocking compounds turned off the production of some proteins, but ketamine actually caused the neurons (brain cells) to increase the production of a protein called BDNF (brain derived neurotrophic factor). Also, another difference between ketamine and other NMDA inhibitors is that ketamine only blocks NMDA receptors that are not being used to send a specific signal. Many of these receptors are firing in the background of the brain, and scientists have found a link between mood disorders and this “background noise” that ketamine apparently “resets”.


begin restoring your mind & body

Call or message us to request your free phone consultation. Find out if ketamine infusions are right for you or a loved one.


restoratIV Ketamine Therapy Center

129 Fountains Blvd.
Suite #101
Madison, MS 39110, US

+1 769.300.0730

ketamine clinic hours

Monday-Thursday: 8am-5pm
Friday-Sunday: Closed